R & Python
R and Python are excellent solutions for a wide range of statistical, analytical and technical problems. Both languages are available under open source licences, which means that they are supported by a large community and are continuously developed.
There is a wide range of available packages for R and Python. In Python, for example, there are packages such as SciPy, NumPy, pandas, TensorFlow and Keras, which can be used in data analysis and machine learning. In R, on the other hand, there are packages such as ggplot2, dplyr and randomForest, which are particularly useful in statistical data analysis and visualisation.